NEW DELHI, INDIA: Promotion of research in nanotechnology and development of applications based on nanotechnology form important part of various programmes launched by the Government to promote this emerging technology in the country.
It forms an important component of the Mission on Nano Science and Technology (Nano Mission) launched by the Government in 2007 with an allocation of Rs. 1,000 crore for five years.
Under Nano Mission, development of thermo-regulated textiles, smart textiles with antibacterial, self-cleaning and flame retardant properties, new-generation auto filters based on nanofibres, nanofillers for tyre applications, water purifications systems, nanomaterial-based solar cells, etc. have been undertaken jointly by academic and research institutions and industry.
Under the Nano Mission, an Institute of Nano Science & Technology (INST) is also being established at Mohali (Punjab) at a total cost of Rs. 142.45 crore, which will focus on application in agri and bio nanotechnology. Other scientific agencies and institutions of the Government are also engaged in promoting nanotechnology development and inventions in their domain areas.
For example, advanced facilities for research and development activities in micro and nano-electronics have been set up. A nano-silver-based water purification system has already been transferred to the industry. A nano-silver-based gel for treatment of burns and wound infections is undergoing clinical trials.
Some nanocides, which can control wide spectrum of insects, have been developed and are at various levels of evaluation. A number of projects on nanoparticle-based drug delivery, diagnostic devices, tissue engineering, smart packaging materials, nanofillers for wood applications, etc. are currently under implementation.
This was stated by Prithviraj Chavan, the Minister of State (I/C) for Science and Technology and Earth Sciences in the Lok Sabha yesterday.